In the process of thinking through the layout, the location of the kitchen in the apartment, its shape and size are always taken into account. In order not to miss anything at different stages, it is necessary to make a diagram-drawer, on which to draw all the various objects that will be present in the room in the future. This is the placement of the set, upholstered furniture and appliances. Additional objects, such as an island or a bar counter, should not be excluded. They can become an important feature in the layout.
Proper kitchen ergonomics
Ergonomics is a science that allows you to calculate everything in the kitchen, taking into account the functional zones, the size of the furniture and the correct arrangement of items. This makes the room safe and comfortable while cooking or eating.
To get a similar result, you need to consider the following recommendations:
- Use the rule of the working triangle. This refers to the correct organization of three points: the refrigerator, the cooking surface and the sink. They should be within reach of 1-1.5 meters or two or three steps.
- Take into account the configuration of the room. There are some kitchens that always have free space. Depending on its amount resort to the choice of a kitchen set G or U-shaped. Linear and angular proportional designs are more suitable for small kitchens.
- Grouping zones. To use all the features of the kitchen was comfortable, you can place objects and tools of similar purpose nearby: dishwasher and sink plus a niche for laying the products after washing; work surface, which at the same time is a set of knives, utensils, cutting boards; cooking zone, which includes already electrical appliances: oven, stove, microwave.
- Proper location of the oven. If this equipment is not combined with the cooking surface, then it is installed at chest level, so that it is convenient to use. It is calculated under the height of the hostess.
- Installation of the refrigerator. It can even be left in a separate corner, as the main role during cooking it does not play, because the hostesses get the products from it in advance.
- The upper shelves in the area of accessibility. In hinged cabinets are often functional it is the top shelves, which store loose products. To get to them often have to stand on a stool. To avoid this, the optimal height of the location – 2 meters 100 cm. In this line should be exactly the top partition of the set.
- Functional island. There is always the question of what to put in this area. A sink or tile will be out of place. The ideal solution is an additional work surface with the presence of lower cabinets in a circle.
- Optimal sizes. Height of upper cabinets -45-100 cm, lower cabinets – 85-90 cm. The depth of the tabletop is 60-90 cm. The width of cabinets – 25-80 cm, the depth of the lower module – 50 cm and the upper – 30 cm.
Tip! For kitchens, small in area, try not to use multi-level countertops with strong height differences. In modern interiors it is not convenient and not beautiful.
Planning a small kitchen
When planning a small kitchen, be sure to organize everything so that every centimeter is used rationally. For example, the presence of doors often spoils the environment and visually “compresses” the already tight space. Therefore from the doorway have to get rid of, and in its place organize an arch.
Doors do not take up space and harmonica doors. They are convenient and durable, easy to use and install. Some models can be ordered individually for the arch. To arrange a small-sized kitchen, L-shaped, linear and less often corner furniture is used. The latter is suitable even for square-shaped rooms.
When choosing appliances, you should focus on recessed models. They will fit perfectly into any set with a lockable front. When selecting appliances, it is necessary to take into account the depth of the cabinets in which they will be installed.
If it is not possible to build a refrigerator, it is better to place it in a free corner. For example, in a linear furniture layout, the appliance is installed in a corner adjacent to the wall, which has a doorway or archway.
Bar counter, combined with the set, will save space and become an excellent dining table for a small family.
A side note! In small kitchens there is no place for double-row furniture options or U-shaped layout. Such models will narrow the space, in which it will be difficult, and most importantly unsafe to move, as you can accidentally knock something hot off the table or stove.
Layout of a large kitchen
In a large-sized kitchen, different models of furniture can easily fit into it. Installation of L-shaped, U-shaped or double-row furniture is preferred, each of which has its own characteristics.
Nuances of using an L-shaped kitchen
Such modules always include corner deep cabinets. They can be arranged under the sink and are deep enough to store household chemicals and put a trash can on one of the shelves. If such a cabinet is empty, why not place oversized dishes inside: cauldrons, pans, sauté pans.
The corner door can be straight or beveled. It is even made narrow. In this case, the niche is convenient to use for storing cans, bottles and crates for vegetables.
Features of the two-row layout
Double-row kitchen is an analogue of a linear kitchen. In the case of such a design, appliances and cabinets are located symmetrically to each other. The upper part is most often duplicated, but can be fixed only on one side.
The far wall in such a layout can play the role of a decorative element. Also in this area there may be an exit to the pantry or technical room: garage, cellar. If the set is located on both sides of the window, then its sill space can be used as a small dining area or a bar counter.
The U-shaped layout is a standard solution for spacious kitchens. With such a setting it is possible to effectively separate the cooking area from the dining area especially in kitchens combined with the living room.
The far wall with the furniture (if there is no window on it) is made functional. Here is arranged an apron or cutting surface. It is also convenient to locate the gas stove in this place, with a built-in oven, and to mount the hood on top.
Such a layout is convenient and ergonomic. It always manages to keep everything at hand. Moreover, there will always be enough space on the table. Thanks to the presence of numerous cabinets, it is easy to hide unnecessary dishes, tools and accessories.
The layout with an island
The island fits perfectly into any spacious kitchen. Often acts as a dining area or forms an additional part of the work surface with floor cabinets. It is chosen necessarily under the style of the overall interior and the appropriate shade.
It can accommodate built-in appliances: a small refrigerator, washing machine or dishwasher.
Examples of interesting kitchen layouts
The look and feel of the kitchen is just as important in the layout of the kitchen. Therefore, to make the room look stylish and attractive, you need to be able to intelligently select the color scheme and design. There are a lot of interesting options that are equally suitable for arrangement of a large and small kitchen.
For a small kitchen with a large window opening, you can use a variety of layout ideas. They can concern not only furniture, but also other design solutions: the placement of shelves, built-in niches, space under the window.
Beautiful and unusual will look kitchen in light brown color. Facade of the set and the appearance of shelves imitate natural wood. Free space under the window is easy to use under the dining table.
Large kitchen with natural wood furniture is often done in a gap: that is, the set is installed separately from each other, in a chaotic order on different sides. A spacious room allows you to place a round island with internal open shelves or a wine niche.
On the opposite side you can arrange a bar counter or make a small, rotating buffet.
In order for the kitchen to perform all its functions, it must have a sufficient amount of garnish. For example, in spacious rooms, it is not at all necessary to use too deep furniture. You can hang narrow (up to 20-25 cm) cabinets. But there should be more of them. Such structures are designed only to store loose products and condiments. Some models even have enough space for storing saucers and mugs.
Preferably in such environments to install recessed appliances, so they do not stand out beyond the lines of the work area. The refrigerator is well located in a niche near the adjacent or opposite wall.
The layout of the kitchen in a small house can also be attractive. For example, if it placed a limited number of cabinets and more hinged open shelves of elegant shape. Such designs are most often made of wood.
The presence of shelving at different levels in the work area allows you to visualize the depth of space. Harmoniously fit such structures in a room with a real antique stove.
L-shaped kitchen in the loft style – looks no less attractive. Usually this option is ideal for uncovered or combined rooms. Depending on the size, the furniture fits perfectly in small kitchens, without cramping the free space.
The glossy, glossy finish of the floor and front creates a reflection of light. The room looks spacious and becomes more illuminated.
The U-shaped layout is excellent in kitchens with a window opening. For such cases, a place for the refrigerator is prepared separately. It will look built in and will harmoniously fit into the already finished interior.
Beautiful, rich and functional looks kitchen corner layout with a dressing table or bar counter. It is still possible to have additional niches and drawers.
For the kitchen layout to be correct, it is necessary to take into account all the design recommendations. This approach will not allow you to miss significant points, equip every detail functional and appropriate in the interior.